Globalization & Health

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Development agenda in the World Intellectual Property Organization

Amit Sen Gupta

28 April 2006
A major development on Intellectual Property Rights in October 2005 went virtually unnoticed. The General Assembly of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) reached an agreement to continue work on a development agenda for WIPO that is being pushed-for by most developing countries.

Author/Source: 
Amit Sen Gupta
Type: 

EU Commission misleading on the access to generics

The European Union Commission has, according to its press release today, urged the EU to accept amendments to WTO Agreement on Intellectual Property, which it says would pave the way to provide wider access to generic medicine. Médecins Sans Frontières describes this as utterly 'misleading'.

Author/Source: 
Abraham Thomas
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INDIA: A Nation of Guinea Pigs

There's a new outsourcing boom in South Asia - and a billion people are jockeying for the jobs. How India became the global hot spot for drug trials.

Author/Source: 
Jennifer Kahn
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In India - excise free zones vend costlier essential drugs

If you live in India, the next time you buy a strip of tablets, it might be well worth your while to check where the product has been manufactured. They are cheaper in the states where there is more state control over the pharma industry.

Author/Source: 
Nithya Subramaniam
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PHM India statement in support of the Narmada struggle

The following statement supporting the NBA demands has been sent to the Prime Minister and other officials on behalf of Jan Swasthya Abhiyan (JSA - PHM India).

Author/Source: 
PHM India (JSA)
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Smoke Rings

Three weeks ago, while looking for something else, I came across one of the most extraordinary documents I have ever read. It relates to an organisation called Arise, which stands for Associates for Research into the Science of Enjoyment. Though largely forgotten today, in the 1990s it was one of the world's most influential public health groups. First I should explain what it claimed to stand for.

Author/Source: 
George Monbiot
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Don't Damn Narmada

Dams are not the temples of India, they have become its burial grounds.
"Adivasis are 8.2 per cent of the nation’s inhabitants, 40 per cent of the displaced population."
"The count, activists say, is considerably higher. Only 2.12 million have been resettled."

Author/Source: 
Angana Chatterji
Type: 
News and Analysis: 

The gringo agri'culture' in India

"The backdoor initiative is being directed by the top echelons of the Indian government and multinationals and private companies in the US"
Claims are made that the "evergreen revolution based upon sustainable, need based, demand-driven, market oriented agriculture towards increasing rural prosperity". This is not just questionable, but worldwide it has not proven to have benefited a small farmer and farming in general

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Threat to the fundamentals of Indian Agriculture
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News and Analysis: 

Groups Decry Impact Of IP And Health Terms In US Trade Agreements

WASHINGTON, DC - Public health activists are condemning recent terms agreed to by Colombia, Peru and Central American countries in bilateral trade negotiations with the United States, that bind those countries to offer patent protections that exceed standards in multilateral agreements. The groups now are hoping for a more favourable outcome in two sets of negotiations currently underway between the United States and countries that have been ravaged by the HIV/AIDS virus - Thailand and the countries of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU).

Author/Source: 
Martin Vaughan for Intellectual Property Watch
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Indian Agriculture - Under the shadow of the 'Nuclear Deal'

2 March, 2006. Banglaore
The English 'TALKING' in India are constantly watching news about the "Nuclear Deal" 24/7, while nothing is being heard about larger deals taking place secretly. Agricultural liberalization is the "biggest deal" being clinched in the sidelines of the US-India summit. While the neoliberal pundits in india push for a greater economy, the means they adopt will be justified with the money that is coming in. USD 100 milion for the second green revolution, greener than ever before. It is said that the state of Andhra Pradesh will showcase 'ideal' farmers. Ideal farmers clearly means large, rich, corporate farmers.

Author/Source: 
Abraham Thomas, Bangalore, India
Type: 
News and Analysis: 

WHO Board adopts decision on trade and health

The WHO Executive Board has adopted a decision to recommend that the next World Health Assembly adopt a resolution on international trade and health which urges member states and the WHO secretariat to take action to make national trade and health policies more coherent, especially in light of the health implications of international trade agreements.

Author/Source: 
Martin Khor and Sangeeta Shashikant
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NGOs urge EFTA countries not to endanger public health, food security and development in Thailand

In a letter addressed to EFTA-trade and foreign ministers, 50 organisations urged the trade association member states to drop provisions from a free trade agreement with Thailand that would restrict access to cheap medicines and credit and limit farmers rights. A second round of negotiations is taking place this week in Thailand. The undersigning NGOs fear that a free trade agreement between EFTA and Thailand could have a negative impact on Thai society.

Author/Source: 
NGO statement
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US-Thai Free Trade Negotiations Threaten Access to Medicines; Activists Demand End to TRIPS-plus IP provisions

Jan. 9, 2006. Thai AIDS activists and their international allies are seeking suspension of scheduled trade talks that threaten to undermine Thailand's lawful ability to produce, import/export, and market low-cost generic versions of life-saving medicines. Today, in Chiang Mai, the United States and Thailand are scheduled to start the Sixth Round of negotiations on a proposed Free Trade Agreement and for the first time are holding discussions on a U.S. proposal to dramatically increase intellectual property protections for pharmaceutical products. Simultaneously, ten thousand Thai activists, half of them living with HIV, are protesting the scheduled talks and trying to shut them down, promising to sleep overnight outside the meeting venue for three nights and to block entry to the negotiations.

Author/Source: 
International NGO Solidarity Statement
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WTO members should reject bad deal on medicines

The WTO General Council is considering proposals to amend the TRIPS Agreement in order to permit the exportation of generic medicines produced under compulsory license to supply countries with insufficient or no manufacturing capacity.

Author/Source: 
Wim De Ceukelaire
Type: 
News and Analysis: 

Chances Diminish For Solution On TRIPS And Public Health Before Hong Kong

Key officials in Geneva indicate that World Trade Organization members are not likely to find a compromise on a permanent amendment to global trade rules in order to allow poor countries to import affordable medicines in time for the December WTO ministerial in Hong Kong.

Author/Source: 
Tove Iren S. Gerhardsen
Type: 
News and Analysis: 

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